Soils and climate
The college farm soils varying from shallow, sandy loam to medium deep clay soils with pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.1. Almost all the area at main farm is under irrigation, which is provided through Rajaram Bandhara and four existing wells on the farm.
The Data on weather parameters viz. rainfall, number of rainy days, maximum and minimum temperatures, morning and evening humidity and evaporation recorded during different Meteorological weeks for the year 2017 at College of Agriculture, Kolhapur are presented in Table – 1.
The data presented in Table-1 revealed that the total rainfall received during the year 2017 was 891.6 mm in 65 rainy days, which was deficit by near about 16.0 % to the average annual rainfall of this region (1057 mm). The onset of monsoon was normal but the quantity of rainfall is less in the month of July and August. The distribution of rainfall was quite good.
The maximum and minimum temperature was recorded during the period under report was 39.1o C (April) & 8.1o C (January), respectively. Similarly the morning and evening humidity was ranged between 58.2 to 92.4 % & 21.2 to 83.2 %, respectively
Total cultivable area of Agronomy farm : 29.03
Area under Irrigation : 19.37
Sourse of irrigation : Wells, Quarries and bore wells